the prcd-PRA in American Eskimo dogs is becoming a bigger problem that
hip displayisia (which is not as common in them but can be found in some bloodlines)

while not all untested dogs will show this disease it may be in the genetics
from the chart at "OPTIGEN" you can see that the chances of your dog
developing "this" PRA is possible
it also states that while not all test prove that retinal disease will NOT show in
your dog it does test for the one most common in the AED

showing in the chart an ALL CLEAR parent mated with a ALL CLEAR parent
would produce ALL CLEAR puppies we call "all clear" "A"
but you can see that mating a ALL CLEAR (or A) with a AFFECTED (or C)
will produce CARRIERS (called "B")
Carriers have the disease but will never fall ill with it but can pass the disease on to their puppies

this is the reason behind ( "Show quality" or Breeding stock")
if you do have plans to breed your dog discuss this with your breeder
it may ease your fears later down the road
When buying a puppy for a pet the 'B" tested puppy will be a wonderful addition to your
home and the fear of PRA isn't a consideration
and my personal (YES I SAID PERSONAL)  opinion is that even a "C" dog
can be a wonderful pet as the time frame that the disease showing it's ugly head cant be predicted

your "C" tested dog may die from Liver ailment or some other old age problem before it ever shows
Eye problems does this mean it never had the disease NO it just hadn't come to light yet

You should never breed "knowingly" a AFFECTED dog with AFFECTED dog
this will produce dogs that do have the disease and will at sometime in their lifetime
show signs of the disease.
and I think the key word here is "knowingly"
but be aware while the dog does test positive for the gene for Progressive Retinal Atrophy
it could show as early as 2 years or as late at 10-12-14 years

If you bought your dog from a breeder who has tested and produced "B"s
you should have your dog tested before beginning a breeding program
(I say "SHOULD" but understand the test is expensive and not all breeders will go the extra expense)
does this mean they are bad breeders NO just trying to keep cost down! for their puppies expense to you
if you purchase your puppy from a breeder for the whopping price of 50.00 don't expect to get a PRA rating with the animal but then again if you are paying in the 1000.00 range you would expect a lot of the tests that have been performed on the parents to be provided with the sale of the animal.
Here again I stress the importance in trusting your breeder, if you feel comfortable with them and the love they have for their animals I would say you can be safe in trusting the health of their dogs as well
good breeders have good dogs (may not be perfect but good)

I have mixed emotions about the sale and breeding of "AFFECTED" dogs and most of the comments on this page are just my personal opinion and not the answers from respected breeders or testing Labs

But I also wonder would you worry about the dog you select from the Humane Society having PRA? NO
(The adoption fee can be as high as a breeders price for a puppy)

Would you throw away that stray that "Found" you because it may have PRA? NO
(the vet bills to make sure the dog is healthy enough to bring into your home can be astrominical)

After  years of Loving, Training, Playing with. Living with your beautiful Eskimo dog are you going to no longer love it because it develops a genetic illness. Oh I think not.

Are the chances of purchasing a dog that is a carrier or affected a possibility? YES

In my dealing with the disease there are mixed emotions as well
My Beloved Golden Retriever "BUCKS" was from a wonderful bloodline and one of the most excellent pets I ever owned (Yes I loved him as well as I do my Eskies)
he developed a blindness(was not diagnosed as PRA)
at the age of 13 that he learned to deal with till his death
He also developed Hip Dysplishia at the age of 12
He lived to be 15 and died in his sleep would I trade the 10 years of wonderful memories with him for the 3 years of trials we went thru after he developed these illness (NOT ON YOUR LIFE)
and I would take 10 more just like him!!! knowing what lies ahead,
we have all had those dogs that as they grow old their illness will affect our lives our hearts and of course our pocketbooks but we still wouldn't trade them or their memories for a "Tested" dog

Health disclaimers
Not responsible for Vet Bills at any time for any reason

In guaranteeing your puppies health
I will not offer guarantee against some forms of puppy hood illness
Is this a sign that Im a bad breeder NO it's a sign that my puppies get to play in the dirt
And are not kept in wire cages from the time they are born to the time they leave here
Your not going to run to the ER with you child for a runny nose or teething pain
I don't feel you should run to the vet for every little quirk from your pup as well
But do feel there are some things we need to address before they happen

What I do have concerns about is different vets or animal hospitals finding a new way to
Increase their revenue in charging you a great fee for medications and vaccines you really don't need for your pup
I find our Vet does a wonderful job on checking puppies and while he like me isn't perfect he isn't in it just for the money either
If you would like to contact my vet for information on any thing from his check on the puppy that you received or just our kennel please feel free to contact him
At these numbers
Be aware that he is a country vet and makes house calls and at some times may be out of the office
573-223-2413 or 573-663-7131 He knows me by Lauraye not Cloud Walker Kennel

So here are some of the things your vet may find on a routine check-up when finding that your puppy comes from Missouri (Some People feel everyone in Missouri runs puppy mills as static's show that 52% of all puppies come from MO and 64% of them go to the East coast)
And some questions you may want to ask your vets about issues and concerns
OR just ask why they feel they need to give our puppy all this medication?

Worms are just a fact of life and while I do worm puppies with a
Pyrantel Pamote at 2-4-6-8-10 weeks naturally this should cover all the problems
With hook and round worms but basically this is all the worms they cover and most common in puppies (they get them from their mommy)
(I have already treated puppies for this and will not cover an expense from a minor case)

Coccidian (link to website
Where do Coccidian Come From? (Copied)
Oocysts (pronounced o'o-sists), like those shown above, are passed in stool. In the outside world, the oocysts begin to mature or "sporulate." After they have adequately matured, they become infective to any host (dog or cat) that accidentally swallows them.
To be more precise, coccidia come from fecal-contaminated ground. They are swallowed when a pet grooms/licks the dirt off itself. In some cases, sporulated oocysts are swallowed by mice and the host is infected when it eats the mouse. Coccidia infection is especially common in young animals housed in groups (in shelters, rescue areas, kennels, etc.) This is a common parasite and is not necessarily a sign of poor husbandry.

This is a illness that comes from playing in the dirt (or stepping in their own feces or the feces of a host dog) once again this can be a life threaten illness if a sever case
But for the most part all puppies will test positive for this illness if a fecal float is done
If your puppy if playing well eating well and have nice firm looking stool you really don't have a problem here. Most vets will tell you a slide showing up to 3 eggs are normal and not necessary for a medication or treatment as treatment can be more harmful than illness. A better treatment is to keep the area where your dog relives its self clean from their own feces and that of any other animals
(this is common in puppies that play in dirt, grass, places where other dogs have been playing as well I will not cover a diagnoses of a minor case of this puppy's where vet check for this before they left) and we do play in the dirt here

Giraudia (link to website)

How do we diagnose giardiasis? (COPIED)
Giardiasis is very difficult to diagnose because the protozoa are so small and are not passed with every stool. Tests on serial stool samples (one stool sample every day for three days) are often required to find the organism. Special diagnostic procedures, beyond a routine fecal examination, are necessary to identify Giardia. The procedures we use to identify roundworms and hookworms kill the active form of Giardia and concentrate the cyst form.

This is a little trickier illness and comes from the water supply more than any thing else
We have well water, here birds are know to fly over, and the rain does come down
While a lot is done to keep sanitary conditions for our puppies AND adult dogs some time we aren't perfect in keeping them from drinking water where they shouldn't drink water from.
We do routine water testing, sanitize the water they drink and keep them in the house when it rains, puppies are vet checked at 6 and 8 weeks for normal puppies illness. The Adult dogs are tested and treated for this illness annually not because there are cases here but JUST because we know it can happen
This will also be a NOT covered illness if your vets find minor traces of this illness
This to is a common illness in places where dogs may have access to water that has not been sanitized (ponds, rain water, ground run off)

Once again we do as much as possible to insure a good healthly puppy for all our people but we do advertise kid tested and cat approved
Ear mits are a common ailment with cats (and dogs to) If our cat goes to play in the woods (or another cat) chases a squirrel then jumps in to the puppy play pen
We could see a case of earmits before puppy leaves the kennel. All our puppies are treated for this before they leave because I know that they are out there and can be
Exposed to my puppies (I have cats)
In some cases the cat is a little sneakier than I am smart if he is playing with puppies in the 24 to 48 hours before pup leaves he can be exposed to this again
These are as common as ticks and fleas and not a life threating illness which are also not covered you can not use a product on a 8 week old puppy safely

Demodectic mange (link to the website )
This is a whole new ball game for us here so this is the disclaimer we feel that needs to be placed for just in case purposes
Will provide a link to internet vet comments about this illness
In a Puppy bought for "PET" we will not cover this illness
It is not a life threating illness. In dogs bought for breeding
We will refund the amount of money difference between
PET PRICE and BREEDING PRICE as these dogs should not be bred and could pass this on to their puppies

We DO cover illness of Parvoviruis, distemper, and normal life threating illness for a period of 10 days from the time the puppy leaves my care
Most of these illness take an incubation period of 10 days
And if it breaks with any of these illness with in the 10 day period chances are it was subjected to it here before they left  And while I do every thing possible to insure a health and perfect puppy things can happen and if your puppy breaks with Parvo or distemper with in this time frame I will
Refund cost of puppy with proper records documenting this illness from your vet.
Still will not be responsible for vet bills for any reason will not refund cost of shipping at any time

Cryptorchid or monorchid (Un descended testicles)
If your purchased this dog as a pet this is NOT covered as you are going to have the puppy neutered any way "Right"


While I take great pride in my animals and try to do the best
There are some things I can't predict and have no control over 

Pet puppies are considered just this PETS
Not responsible for the blackest nose or the darkest eye rims or even that
your puppies pads will be coal black these are NOT disqualifications in the show ring and so we feel not a disqualification in a PET puppy
So if you have a preference that your puppy has special traits other than
just the sweet temperament and characteristic of the Eskimo dog
please make me aware of this before sale instead of after we have taken the time to place a puppy with a chocolate nose or a light eye rim or white paw pads (this comes back to the show quality puppy)

Can I say your pup will live to be 15 to 20 years old?
Which is typical life expectancy for the Eskimo breed?
Can I say that in 2 -4- 10 years your pup will not develop
Cancer, thyroid problems, diabetes or other forms of
Illness? NO!
I can't be held responsible for you dropping your pup and breaking his leg, running over him with the car, leaving the gate open and letting him escape?
I won't take responsibility for keeping him in his crate to long and creating a hip, knee or joint problem
Nor feeding him poor food which would cause intestinal problems or poor coat and teeth
I can offer as much support and information as possible
But I can't be there to offer hands on help
You as a puppy owner will be responsible for
Care and training of this puppy if puppy fails
Not all his faults will lay with the breeder. You as a puppy owner will need to take some responbility for some of his actions


Please read the following comments about our heatlth policy and what ISN"T covered
in your puppy-- we do stand behind our dogs- but things do happen and we try our best
to take a lot of different issues into consideration